Singapore GIC's warning on investment climate in next decade
Singapore sovereign wealth fund GIC, which manages more than $100 billion of the city-state's foreign reserves, on Saturday warned of a tough investment outlook over the next decade as global central banks withdraw ultra-easy monetary policies.
GIC said the prices of all major asset classes have been inflated by the massive stimulus measures, and now face weak future returns.
"Global financial markets have been recovering strongly from the 2008/09 global financial crisis, supported by low interest rates and unconventional monetary policies," GIC said in its annual report.
As central banks unwind monetary stimulus measures and interest rates increase, "financial assets will see diminished returns," it said.
The US Federal Reserve is expected to end multi-billion dollar bond purchases in October, winding up a five-year stimulus effort to support the world's biggest economy. The European Central Bank has said it will reassess its stimulus measures at the end of this year.
"The investment environment for the next 10 years will therefore be more challenging for global investors, including GIC," the fund said.
GIC said its assets earned a 4.1 percent annualised real rate of return over the past 20 years in the year to March 2014, almost the same as last year's 4.0 percent. It does not report the value of its assets.
Lim Siong Guan, GIC's president, said the fund is committed "to ride out significant short-term volatility and focus on long-term fundamentals".
GIC last year unveiled a new investment strategy that split its global portfolio into three segments, a move it said was in anticipation of a "more challenging and complex investment environment".
In its annual report this year, the fund said the Americas region including the United States accounted for 42 percent of its portfolio in the year to March 2014, two percent lower than the previous year.
Its exposure to Europe was at 29 percent, four percent higher than in 2013.
Its holdings in Asia stood at 27 percent, one percent lower than 2013, while the remaining two percent was concentrated in the Australasia region.
Twenty-nine percent of its portfolio was in developed markets equities, 19 percent in emerging markets equities, 31 percent in nominal bonds and cash, seven percent in real estate, nine percent in private equity and the remaining five percent in inflation-linked bonds.
Among its latest investments, in June GIC acquired a stake in US-based anti-plagiarism software maker iParadigms, and in May bought into a Philippine hospital group as well as Brazilian online sports retailer Netshoes.
GIC is one of two Singapore sovereign wealth funds, the other one being Temasek Holdings.
The net investment returns from GIC, the central bank, and Temasek account for about 15 percent of the total government budget in Singapore.