DOHA: Singapore has called on countries to show their commitment by pledging emissions reductions in order to achieve a global deal on climate change.
Deputy Prime Minister Teo Chee Hean said the new agreement must be applicable to all.
"Climate change is a global challenge that requires a global solution. All parties have to play their part by making a contribution," he said.
Mr Teo was delivering Singapore’s national statement at the High—Level Segment of the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Doha, Qatar, on Wednesday.
"In this regard, developed countries have to show leadership in emissions reductions. Developing countries, too, can and must make a contribution to the process," he said.
Mr Teo said for the new agreement to be applicable to all, it has to be acceptable to all. It has to take into account the unique national circumstances and constraints of parties.
He said this will allow each party to decide how best it can contribute, based on the context and constraints of each country, and provide a greater impetus for universal participation.
"The global agreement is only a means to an end. Ultimately, we need to encourage and incentivize all parties to adopt the right policies early to make the transition to a low emissions development pathway. It is therefore important to provide support to build capacity in developing countries," he said.
Mr Teo said Singapore is committed to play its part in the global fight against climate change.
He said Singapore has made an unconditional pledge to reduce its emissions by 7—11 per cent below business as usual (BAU) by 2020. It has also committed to a 16 per cent below BAU pledge, if there is a legally binding global agreement.
Mr Teo added: "Our vision for Singapore is a climate—resilient global city that is well—positioned for green growth. While climate change poses a challenge, it also offers tremendous opportunities for new economic growth. The global demand for low—carbon solutions will catalyse demand for new skills and technology.
"Singapore has placed priority on developing areas such as clean energy and energy efficiency, green buildings, public transport, smart grids, carbon management, as well as waste and water management.
"As Singapore is a city state with limited access to renewable energy, energy efficiency is core to our efforts to reduce emissions in all sectors. To support this, a new Energy Conservation Act will come into effect in April 2013."
Mr Teo said the global challenge of climate change requires a global response, with the participation of all countries and contributions by all.
"The multilateral rules—based system under the UNFCCC is fundamental to solving the global climate challenge. We need to protect and strengthen the UNFCCC and take it one step further towards a truly global agreement, so that it remains an important platform for global action against climate change," he said.
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