SINGAPORE: Singapore’s population has increased, due to growth of both the resident and non—resident populations.
The Department of Statistics (DOS), in its Population Trends 2012 report released on Friday, said the country’s total population stood at 5.31 million as at end June 2012, up 2.5 per cent from a year ago.
It said there were 3.29 million Singapore citizens and 0.53 million permanent residents, and the rest were non—residents.
The number of Singapore citizens grew by 0.9 per cent, comparable to the growths in the last couple of years, while the number of permanent residents increased marginally by 0.2 per cent.
Growth in the number of non—residents was at 7.2 per cent, slightly higher than last year’s 6.9 per cent. But DOS said it was significantly lower than the double digit percentage increases of 14.9 per cent seen in 2007 and 19.0 per cent in 2008.
An estimated 3.14 million Singapore residents were living in HDB flats this year, accounting for 82 per cent of Singapore residents, said the report.
It said there were 10 planning areas where at least 90 per cent of Singapore residents were staying in HDB flats. The proportion of HDB dwellers was the highest in Punggol, followed by Woodlands.
There were five planning areas with more than 200,000 Singapore residents, with Bedok, Jurong West and Tampines each having over 250,000 residents. Bedok had the highest number of residents at 295,200. The other two planning areas with more than 200,000 Singapore residents in 2012 were Woodlands (247,800) and Hougang (217,400).
The proportion of elderly aged 65 years and over was generally higher among Singapore residents staying in older estates. In 2012, the proportion of elderly was the highest in Outram, Downtown Core, Rochor, Queenstown, Bukit Merah, Toa Payoh and Kallang.
In contrast, the proportion of children aged below 5 years was generally higher among Singapore residents staying in relatively newer estates.
In 2011, HDB 4—room flats remained as the most common type of dwelling among resident households, at 32 per cent.
The next common type was HDB 5—room & executive flats (25 per cent), followed by HDB 3—room (20 per cent).
Those staying in condominiums and private flats formed another 11 per cent.
Reflecting the ageing population, the report said the median age of the resident population went up further to 38.4 years in 2012, compared to 38.0 in 2011 and 37.4 in 2010.
The proportion of Singapore residents aged 65 years and above rose to 9.9 per cent from 9.3 per cent last year.
This resulted in the ratio of residents aged 20—64 years to elderly residents aged 65 years and above trending downwards. The report said there were 6.7 residents aged 20—64 years to each elderly resident, compared to 7.2 last year.
Female residents outnumbered their male counterparts in Singapore. The sex ratio was 970 males per 1,000 females, down from 972 in 2011.
Turning to marriages, the report said a total of 27,258 marriages were registered in 2011, which was 12 per cent higher than the 24,363 registered in 2010. This was a rebound after a dip in 2010.
In 2011, 75 per cent or 20,315 marriages were first marriages where neither party had previously been married.
As for the fertility rate in Singapore, DOS said total live—births rebounded and increased by 4.4 per cent to 39,654 last year, from 37,967 in 2010.
Singapore’s resident total fertility rate rose slightly from 1.15 in 2010 to 1.2 in 2011.
The department also noted the increase in the proportion with no children among married women in their thirties.
The proportion who was childless grew from 15 per cent in 2001 to 21 per cent last year among married resident women aged 30—39 years.
As for educational profiles, the population report said the educational levels of the resident population continued to improve over the years.
The share of university graduates also increased significantly from 14 per cent in 2001 to 25 per cent in 2011.
The population report was the eighth edition of an annual series that puts together different aspects of demographic statistics in one volume.
It comprises five sections, namely, "Population", "Households and Housing", "Family Formation and Dissolution", "Fertility" and "Mortality".
The report can be accessed online at the DOS
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