SINGAPORE: The Ministry of Education on Monday released data on the performances of the major ethnic groups in national examinations over the past 10 years.
PSLE results have made a slight improvement, with the overall percentage of passes rising from 96.3 per cent in 2002 to 97.4 per cent last year.
Greatest improvement was shown by Indians, going up 2.9 percentage points over the past decade to 96.1 per cent last year. It was followed by minority races (up 1.5 percentage points to 98.2 per cent), Malays (up 1.8 percentage points to 92.3 per cent), and Chinese (up 0.7 percentage point to 98.9 per cent).
Significant improvements were shown by Indian and Malay students in mathematics at the PSLE level. For Indians, it was up 7.6 percentage points over the last decade to 77.2 per cent in 2011.
Mr T Raja Segar, the chief executive officer of the Singapore Indian Development Association (SINDA), said: "We are focusing on pre—school, primary, lower primary students in key subjects such as maths and science. So that in time to come, in future PSLE exams, they will perform better.
"Even if the PSLE changes, the fear about maths has to be taken off. So they need to love the subject, they need to love doing well. And that’s what we are trying to instill by way of our academic programmes and motivational programmes."
For Malays, it was up 3.6 percentage points to 60.1 per cent, while minority races improved by 0.2 percentage point to 83.7 per cent last year. The performance by Chinese students dropped 0.8 percentage point to 89.4 per cent.
At the GCE O—Levels, the overall percentage of students with at least three O—level passes improved slightly. The percentage in 2002 was 94.2 per cent, compared to 95.3 per cent in 2011.
Students from minority races made the most significant improvement, up 3.8 percentage points to 95.5 per cent. They were followed by Malays (up 3.2 percentage points to 88.1 per cent), Indians (up 1.9 percentage points to 92 per cent), and the Chinese (up 0.6 percentage point to 96.8 per cent).
It was somewhat similar for students with at least five O—level passes, from 80.0 per cent in 2002, to 81.6 per cent in 2011.
Malay students showed the greatest improvement, up 4.3 percentage points to 62.3 percent. Minority races improved by 4.2 percentage points to 80.8 per cent, Indians went up 2.5 percentage points to 73.8 per cent, while Chinese improved by one percentage point to 85.6 per cent.
The percentage of GCE O—Level students who passed English Language increased from 81.4 per cent in 2002 to 87.6 per cent in 2011.
The greatest improvement was shown by Malay students, up nearly 9.9 percentage points to 82.6 per cent. They were followed by the Chinese (up 5.7 percentage points to 88 per cent), the Indians (up 5 percentage points to 91.1 per cent), and other races (up 3.3 percentage points to 90.1 per cent).
Significant improvements were shown by students from other minority races in mathematics at the O—Levels, up 4.6 percentage points to 90.1 per cent. They were followed by the Malays (up 4.3 percentage points), the Indians (up 3.5 percentage points) and the Chinese (up 0.6 percentage point).
At the GCE A—Level, the overall percentage of students with at least three ’A’/’H2’ Passes and pass in General Paper or Knowledge and Inquiry improved. In 2002, it was 85.2 per cent, and it improved to 90.8 per cent in 2011.
The greatest gain was shown by Malay students, up 11.6 percentage points to 82.3 per cent. They were followed by the Indians (up 5.5 percentage points to 86.6 per cent), the Chinese (up 5.4 percentage points to 91.6 per cent) and other races (up 0.3 percentage point to 88 per cent).
The percentage of GCE A—Level students who passed General Paper or Knowledge and Inquiry also increased with the exception of those from other races.
The Malays showed the most significant improvement, up 4.8 percentage points to 92.9 per cent. They were followed by the Chinese (up 4.4 percentage points to 95.1 per cent), and the Indians (up 2.8 percentage points to 96.8 per cent). The percentage for students from other races fell 3.1 percentage points to 93.1 per cent.
The percentage of each P1 Cohort admitted to post—secondary institutions been improving steadily over the last 10 years, from 87.6 per cent in 2002, to 94.1 per cent in 2011.
Malays showed the greatest improvement up 11.5 percentage points to 87.7 per cent. They were followed by the Indians (up 10.7 percentage points to 90.8 per cent), and the Chinese (up 4.7 percentage points to 96.1 per cent).
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