Thai army invokes martial law, urges rivals to talk
Thai army soldiers stand near a jeep mounted with a machine gun as they secure an area in front of the Royal Thai Police headquarters in Bangkok on May 20, 2014 - by Christophe Archambault
Gun-toting troops fanned out after martial law was declared in a dawn broadcast, as General Prayut Chan-O-Cha exploited century-old legislation that confers far-reaching powers on the armed forces to act in an emergency.
But he left the caretaker civilian government in office and later invited the country's warring political factions to sit down for talks, as the United States, Japan and Southeast Asian neighbours urged Thailand to stay on a democratic track and resolve its differences peacefully.
Soldiers and military vehicles were seen in the heart of the capital's retail and hotel district. Troops were also positioned at TV stations where broadcasts were suspended under sweeping censorship orders, although regular Thais appeared largely unfazed.
The dismissal of prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra earlier this month in a controversial court ruling has stoked tensions in the kingdom, which has endured years of political turmoil.
"Red Shirt" supporters of Yingluck and her brother Thaksin Shinawatra, who was deposed as premier in a 2006 coup, have warned of the threat of civil war if power is handed to an unelected leader, as the opposition demands.
Thaksin, who lives abroad to avoid a jail term for corruption, said on Twitter that the imposition of martial law was "expected" but must not "destroy" democracy.
The backdrop is a nearly decade-long struggle pitting a royalist establishment -- backed by parts of the military, judiciary and Bangkok-based elite -- against Thaksin's billionaire family, which has traditionally enjoyed strong support among poor and rural voters in the north.
New York-based Human Rights Watch branded the imposition of martial law a "de facto coup", voicing alarm at the impact on freedom of expression.
It was not immediately clear how the intervention of the generals -- traditionally seen as staunch defenders of the monarchy -- would affect the balance in the long-running power struggle.
The government officially remained in office, and General Prayut presented himself as a mediator.
"We are in the process of inviting both sides to talk but at the minute the situation is still not normal... that's why I have had to invoke martial law," he told reporters.
"The military will not tolerate any more loss of lives."
Martial law allows the army to ban public gatherings, restrict people's movements, conduct searches, impose curfews and detain suspects for up to seven days.
Thailand has been without a fully functioning government since December, disrupting government spending, spooking investors and deterring foreign tourists.
The United States, a key ally of Thailand, said the use of martial law must be "temporary" and urged all parties "to respect democratic principles".
Southeast Asia's second-biggest economy is sliding towards recession and Japan, whose companies have some of the biggest foreign investment in Thailand, also expressed "grave concerns" at the unfolding crisis.
- 'No need to panic' -
The early-hours announcement on military-run television said martial law had been invoked "to restore peace and order for people from all sides" after nearly seven months of protests that have left 28 people dead and hundreds wounded.
"This is not a coup," it said. "The public do not need to panic but can still live their lives as normal."
Despite the assurances, concerns a military takeover was under way were fuelled by the troop presence and the censorship of media in the interests of "national security".
"I think what we are looking at is a prelude to a coup. That is for sure. It is all part of a plot to create a situation of ungovernability to legitimise this move by the army," said Pavin Chachavalpongpun from the Centre for Southeast Asian Studies at Japan's Kyoto University.
Prime Minister Niwattumrong Boonsongpaisan, who replaced Yingluck, urged the army to act within the "constitution", urging the generals to "follow a peaceful path".
On the streets of the capital, where a military crackdown on Red Shirts protests in 2010 under the previous government left dozens dead, life mostly went on as usual.
Thais have become accustomed to political upheaval, although there was confusion and nervousness over how the crisis will unfold.
"What a chaotic situation," said Chitra Hiranrat, 49, as she waited for a motorcycle taxi to go to work.
"I don't know what else we'll have to face in the future. Whether martial law will be helpful or not I can't say because it's only the first day. Let's wait and see," she said.
Anti-government demonstrators, who forced the annulment of elections in February and had vowed a "final battle" in coming days to topple the prime minister, said they had called off a march that had been planned for Tuesday.
"We're convinced that invoking martial law will benefit our movement and support our goal," senior protest leader Sathit Wongnongtoey said.
Thailand's army previously declared martial law in September 2006 following the bloodless military coup that ousted Thaksin -- the latest in a total of 18 successful or attempted coups the country has seen since 1932.
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