Pakistan army calls on government, protesters to end crisis
Pakistani supporters of Canadian cleric Tahir ul Qadri sit on the lawn at the Parliament premises following clashes with police in Islamabad on August 31, 2014 - by Asif Hassan
The meeting of top generals, brought forward a day, came after violence broke out Saturday night when thousands of supporters of politician Imran Khan and firebrand cleric Tahir-ul-Qadri tried to storm Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif's house, demanding his resignation.
Opposition groups marched to the capital on August 15 in a bid to topple Sharif's government, triggering a crisis that has raised the spectre of military intervention in a country that has been ruled for half its history by the army.
The fighting continued Sunday between police in riot gear and a few hundred protesters, many of whom came armed with batons and slingshots loaded with marbles.
Shipping containers were set ablaze, several vehicles were torched, and hundreds of tear gas canisters lay strewn on the ground on Islamabad's normally pristine Constitution Avenue after almost 24 hours of battle.
At nightfall protesters began preparing for fresh clashes -- breaking up the road to use chunks as missiles and assembling crude gas masks from cloth and plastic bottles -- but the situation appeared relatively calm after the army meeting.
The generals, gathering in the garrison city of Rawalpindi, voiced support for democracy -- but also stressed their own role in maintaining security.
"While reaffirming support to democracy, the conference reviewed with serious concern, the existing political crisis and the violent turn it has taken, resulting in large scale injuries and loss of lives," they said in a statement.
"It was once again reiterated that the situation should be resolved politically without wasting any time and without recourse to violent means."
They added: "(The) army remains committed to playing its part in ensuring security of the state and will never fall short of meeting national aspirations."
The statement opened with a backing for the government but ended on a hawkish note -- which a senior government official said reflected differing views within the army's top brass.
"There are some who have stronger opinions and some who have softer opinions," the official told AFP, speaking on condition of anonymity.
Pakistan's last period of military rule ended in 2008. But the official said another coup remained "less likely".
"We have travelled this road for seven to eight years, so things have been tested, the institutions are much stronger," he said.
Opposition leaders claim the 2013 election which swept Sharif to power was rigged, though local and foreign observers rated the polls as relatively fair and credible.
Speaking from the roof of a shipping container Sunday, Khan vowed to continue his protest "until our last breath", adding he would file murder charges against Sharif over the violence.
- Security deteriorates -
The Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences reported three deaths from the violence -- two men from injuries sustained in the fighting and another who died of a heart attack.
At least 481 injured people, including at least 118 women and 10 children, were rushed to the city's two major hospitals, according to officials. At least 92 police were among the wounded.
Outside the protest zone, small groups of protesters blocked the main expressway linking the city to the airport and forced traffic to a halt by putting tree branches and rocks on the road and pelting vehicles with stones.
A group of up to 15 teenage protesters armed with bamboo sticks and rocks attacked a vehicle carrying three United Nations staff members near parliament.
"Their vehicle was damaged but they escaped unhurt," a UN source told AFP.
In Lahore around 300 Khan supporters burnt tyres and attacked the Metro Bus service in the Model Town suburb where the prime minister has a private residence.
The protest leaders have drawn thousands to the streets of Islamabad, but their call has not mobilised mass support in a country of 180 million people.
But many of the protesters are now openly calling for the military to return to power.
"Last night, the police used tear gas and rubber bullet against us. Now we are waiting for the help of the army. We are hopeful. Insh'allah (God willing) the army will save us, they will do something for us," said a female protester in her twenties called Ammara.
Sharif, whose previous term as prime minister ended in a bloodless coup in 1999 by ex-ruler Musharraf, has vowed to stay on.
Islamabad Police chief Asmatullah Junejo told reporters he had ordered officers not to use force against unarmed protesters.
"I assure you that force will not be used against women, children and youths and unarmed citizens. However, police will protect the red lines set in law," Junejo said.
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