New report raises pressure on Sri Lanka over 'war crimes'
Sri Lanka has denied that 40,000 civilians were killed by government forces during the bloody finale to a conflict that dragged on for 37 years - by Lakruwan Wanniarachchi
A report released by the Public Interest Advocacy Centre (PIAC) in Australia claimed that soldiers committed the "vast majority" of crimes in a final government offensive against Tamil Tiger separatists in May 2009.
The probe comes ahead of a session at the UN Human Rights Council next month at which the US is due to move a third resolution pressing Sri Lanka to investigate the conduct of its troops or face further international censure.
Sri Lanka has resisted repeated calls for an international inquiry into allegations that up to 40,000 civilians were killed by government forces during the bloody finale to a conflict that dragged on for 37 years.
The PIAC's International Crimes Evidence Project (ICEP) report entitled "Island of Impunity?" included material from independent international experts, UN staff members and new witness testimony.
"Certain alleged crimes committed during the final months of the war involved such flagrant and reckless disregard for the laws of war, which strongly suggests there was intent to commit those crimes," the report said.
Evidence 'covertly destroyed'
Early analysis suggested that the Sri Lankan government was exhuming and destroying evidence of mass civilian deaths, the report said.
The ICEP said it had obtained testimony from unidentified new witnesses that members of the Sri Lankan security forces had destroyed forensic evidence after the conflict.
"The allegations are that human remains from mass burial sites in the conflict zone were exhumed and were covertly destroyed," the report said. "This highlights the urgent need for an internationally-mandated investigation."
Sri Lanka's military rejected the report as "old allegations" and denied there had been any digging up of graves to destroy evidence.
He said only one mass grave had been found in the former war zone and a judicial inquiry was underway.
"There is nothing new in the report. It is the same old allegations already in the public domain," Sri Lanka military spokesman Brigadier Ruwan Wanigasooriya told AFP.
He discounted charges of mass killings, torture and sexual violence, but said 17 soldiers had been prosecuted on charges of rape in the final stages of the fighting.
"We want to maintain a disciplined army and we take action when we are presented with evidence," he said, adding that the latest report was an attempt to discredit Sri Lanka ahead of the UNHRC session in Geneva.
'Crimes against humanity'
On Tuesday, Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapakse said war crimes allegations against his security forces were not founded on "peace, fair play or justice".
"We have acted to provide justice through the law by defeating terrorism," he said in a televised address to mark the 66th anniversary of Sri Lanka's independence from Britain.
PIAC chief Edward Santow acknowledged that the report built on what was already known about the war, but said there was also new testimony from witnesses.
"This is the most comprehensive, evidence-based report investigating allegations of war crimes and crimes against humanity in the Sri Lankan conflict," Santow said in a statement on the PIAC website.
The report comes after the government this month barred a top US women's rights official from entering the island, just days after another US envoy raised Colombo's ire by alleging its rights record was deteriorating.
The US ambassador at large for women's issues Catherine Russell had been due to visit Sri Lanka ahead of next month's UNHRC session.
The ICEP report argued that an international investigation would be the most effective mechanism for preparing a list of persons for prosecution, including military commanders, officials and surviving Tiger rebel leaders.
It repeated previous charges that government forces executed some of surrendering senior Tamil Tiger political wing leaders as well as the youngest son of Tiger leader Velupillai Prabhakaran who was killed on May 18, 2009.
Sri Lanka lauds its record at defeating the Tamil Tigers, who mastered the use of suicide bombers and at their height controlled nearly a third of the country's territory between 1990 and 1995.
President Rajapakse was re-elected in 2010, largely on the back of his war record and support from the majority Sinhalese ethnic community.
The Tamil Tigers were fighting for a homeland for minority ethnic Tamils, who campaigners say face discrimination on the Buddhist-majority Indian Ocean island.
The report said it also had evidence that security forces were using rape and sexual violence on civilians after the war ended, a charge made by other rights groups and denied by Colombo.
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