Updated: 11/19/2013 18:03 | By Agence France-Presse

Indonesia reviews Australia cooperation as spy row escalates

Indonesia warned Tuesday it is reviewing cooperation with Canberra over claims President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono's phone was tapped, demanding that Australia do more to make amends after its leader refused to apologise.

Indonesia reviews Australia cooperation as spy row escalates

Australia's Prime Minister Tony Abbott (left) talks with Indonesia's President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono after a joint press conference in Jakarta, on September 30, 2013

In a series of angry tweets, Yudhoyono said ties with Canberra had been damaged and "deplored" what he described as a lack of remorse on the part of the Australian prime minister.

His outrage over reports that his phone and those of his wife and ministers were targeted by Australian spies came a day after Indonesia recalled its ambassador from Canberra in protest.

Indonesia is "reviewing the bilateral cooperation because of Australia's hurtful action", Yudhoyono said in a tweet, referring to the accounts of spying in documents leaked by US intelligence fugitive Edward Snowden to Australian media.

Indonesia and Australia are close strategic and trading partners and have traditionally worked together in many areas, including on anti-terrorism initiatives and on the sensitive issue of asylum-seekers.

"I also deplore the Australian PM's statement that wiretapping in Indonesia is considered a small thing, without any feeling of remorse," Yudhoyono said.

"The acts by the US and Australia are very damaging to their strategic partnerships with Indonesia, a fellow democratic country," he added, referring to allegations the US has also been spying from its embassy in Jakarta.

Following the president's angry tweets, Prime Minister Tony Abbott told the Australian parliament: "I sincerely regret any embarrassment recent media reports have caused him (Yudhoyono)."

But he added: "Australia should not be expected to apologise for the steps we take to protect our country now or in the past, any more than other governments should be expected to apologise for the similar steps that they have taken."

However his words did not go far enough for Yudhoyono, with his spokesman Julian Pasha saying the president "regretted" the statement as it offered neither an apology nor a clarification of the reports.

"We hope for a positive development to save relations between the two countries," he added. 

The documents leaked to the Australian Broadcasting Corporation and Guardian newspaper show that Australia's electronic intelligence agency tracked Yudhoyono's activity on his mobile phone for 15 days in August 2009, when Labor's Kevin Rudd was prime minister.

At least one phone call was reportedly intercepted.

Weeks before, twin blasts at luxury hotels in the Indonesian capital -- the JW Marriott and Ritz-Carlton -- had killed seven people, including three Australians, as well as two suicide bombers.

The list of tracking targets also included Yudhoyono's wife Ani, Vice President Boediono -- who was in Australia last week -- former vice president Jusuf Kalla, the foreign affairs spokesman, the security minister and the information minister, the reports said.

Indonesian ambassador Nadjib Riphat Kesoema headed to the airport in Canberra on Tuesday and told reporters he did not know how long he will be out of the country.

The last time Indonesia recalled its ambassador to Australia was in 2006, in a move to protest Canberra's decision to grant temporary visas to 42 asylum seekers from restive Papua province.

The neighbours have had a volatile relationship over the decades but in recent years ties had generally been stable.

They work together in numerous areas including trying to stop asylum-seekers boarding boats in Indonesia and heading to Australia.

Australia also helped train Indonesia's elite anti-terror squad in the wake of the 2002 Bali bombings which targeted Australian tourists.

However, the relationship has come under strain since Abbott took power in September due to his policy of turning asylum-seeker boats back to Indonesia.

Indonesia earlier this month also summoned the Australian ambassador over reports the embassy was being used for surveillance as part of a US-led spying network.

Former US National Security Agency contractor Snowden was given asylum in Russia in August, to the fury of the United States where he is wanted on espionage charges following disclosures that have provoked international uproar.

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