India seeks US diplomat's withdrawal as feud deepens
A group supporting domestic workers' rights demonstrate across the street from the Indian Consulate General in New York on December 20, 2013
Relations have been in crisis since December 12 when Indian consulate worker Devyani Khobragade was arrested for alleged visa fraud and making false statements relating to the employment of a domestic servant.
She was charged in a New York court on Thursday, but was granted full diplomatic immunity by Washington shortly beforehand, which allowed her to return home.
Khobragade arrived at New Delhi's Indira Gandhi international airport at around 10.30pm on Friday night(1700 GMT), her father told waiting reporters.
"She has arrived and is very relaxed and happy. We are overwhelmed by the country's support," Uttam Khobragade said.
He added that she had already left the airport and gone straight to a government apartment in the city, where she wanted to rest.
India's decision earlier Friday to demand the withdrawal of an American diplomat in New Delhi came as analysts expected the countries to start the process of rebuilding their battered ties.
The American diplomat was a "similar rank" to Khobragade and is suspected of having helped the family of her maid travel to America where they were granted protection by prosecutors.
"It is understood that this person was involved... in the process," said an official source, who asked not to be named. A second source confirmed the information to AFP.
US prosecutors said that the family of the maid were evacuated from India to the United States because of attempts to intimidate them.
Khobragade's arrest outside her children's school and treatment in custody, where the mother-of-two said she was subjected to a cavity search, outraged India which claimed she benefited from diplomatic immunity.
US prosecutors disputed this because she was a consular employee, and not a ranking embassy official.
They filed charges in New York and accused Khobragade of sometimes forcing the maid to work 100-hour weeks, even when sick and often without a day off, for pay as little as $1.22 an hour.
The maid herself, Sangeeta Richard, issued a statement thanking rights groups and US officials for support.
"I would like to tell other domestic workers who are suffering as I did –- you have rights and do not let anyone exploit you," she said in a statement released by anti-human trafficking group Safe Horizon.
A fight between allies
India and the United States have embraced each other as strategic partners, but the last few weeks have pummelled what US President Barack Obama's once described as "one of defining partnerships of the 21st century."
India has removed extra security barriers at the US embassy in New Delhi, demanded contract details for domestic staff employed by American diplomats and even stopped the mission importing duty-free alcohol.
The United States has invested heavily in improving ties with India, which it views as a key ally in its "pivot" to Asia, designed to check Chinese influence.
India has benefited from US backing to gain access to foreign nuclear energy technology and Washington has become an important arms supplier and market for India's software and IT services.
Khobragade, a wealthy 39-year-old from a low-caste background, was seen at home as the victim of heavy-handed policing and her treatment a humiliation of India by the world's superpower.
Employing domestic servants is routine for the middle classes in India where few employees have contracts, many are abused, and none make even a small fraction of the US minimum wage.
But in the United States, there was little public sympathy for Khobragade who was accused of overworking, underpaying and bullying a vulnerable employee.
In New York on Thursday, Preet Bharara, the US attorney for the southern district of the city, informed a judge that a grand jury had filed two counts against Khobragade, of visa fraud and making false statements.
In the indictment, the grand jury said Khobragade had obtained a visa for her maid by promising to pay her $4,500 a month, but then made a second secret contract with a salary of just 30,000 rupees ($573) a month.
This would be double the wages the maid would probably earn in New Delhi, but is substantially lower than the minimum wage in the US.
A statement from the Indian foreign ministry on Thursday read: "At the time of her departure to India, counsellor Khobragade reiterated her innocence of charges filed against her."
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