Updated: 09/05/2013 04:43 | By Agence France-Presse

IMF extends $6.7 bn lifeline to Pakistan

The International Monetary Fund threw Pakistan a $6.7 billion lifeline Wednesday to help the struggling nuclear-armed country achieve economic reforms, particularly in its troubled energy sector.


IMF extends $6.7 bn lifeline to Pakistan

A Pakistani woman sorts onions for sale at a market in Lahore on September 4, 2013. The International Monetary Fund threw Pakistan a $6.7 billion lifeline Wednesday to help the struggling nuclear-armed country achieve economic reforms, particularly in its troubled energy sector.

The IMF executive board authorized a three-year loan, making an initial disbursement of $540 million available to the Pakistani authorities.

The remaining amount will be evenly paid out over the duration of the program, subject to the completion of quarterly reviews, the Washington-based global lender said.

In its announcement of the loan Wednesday to the government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, the IMF said that Pakistan's adherence to the program would likely encourage financial support from other donors.

"Despite the challenges it faces, Pakistan is a country with abundant potential, given its geographical location and its rich human and natural resources," the IMF said.

"The authorities' program is expected to help the economy rebound, forestall a balance of payments crisis and rebuild reserves, reduce the fiscal deficit, and undertake comprehensive structural reforms to boost investment and growth."

The IMF aid is an Extended Fund Facility, a type of assistance aimed at helping a country that faces serious balance-of-payments problems because of structural weakness that require time to address.

The repayment period for an EFF loan is between 4.5 and 10 years.

The loan is aimed at reducing Pakistan's fiscal deficit -- which neared nine percent of gross domestic product last year -- to a more sustainable level and reform the energy sector to help resolve severe power cuts that have sapped growth potential.

The country's daunting array of problems range from an energy sector crippled by $5 billion of debt to dwindling foreign exchange reserves and a sinking currency, all the while facing down a Taliban insurgency.

Economic growth has sputtered in recent years. Gross domestic product growth rose 3.7 percent in 2012 and is forecast to decelerate to 3.5 percent this year and to 3.3 percent in 2014, according to the IMF's latest projections.

Growth has been "well below that needed to provide jobs for the rising labor force and to reduce poverty," an IMF mission in Pakistan reported in July.

The request for a loan came just weeks after May elections that marked the country's first democratic transition of power, putting Sharif in office.

The new loan came after months of negotiations. Pakistan abandoned a previous $11.3 billion IMF loan program in 2011 after refusing to carry out strict financial reforms, and still owes about $4 billion to the Fund.

The political situation in Pakistan is expected to pose a challenge for the IMF.

"There isn't any doubt that it's going to be an extremely difficult program for the IMF to oversee," Jacob Kirkegaard of the Peterson Institute for International Economics told AFP.

"Pakistan is a country where the military continues to have a very large role not just on national security but also on a large part of the economy," he said.

Kirkegaard added that it was "very unlikely" the military would go along with certain reform measures under the IMF loan-supported program.

"If Pakistan was not a nuclear-armed country, the dominant countries at the IMF board would probably be less interested in trying everything possible to stabilize the situation there," he said.

Latest Photo Galleries on xinmsn

NEWS VIDEOS

MORE NEWS VIDEOS

facebook recommendations

LIVE NEWS RADIO STREAMING

  • 938 Live

    938LIVE is Singapore's only English news and talk station which transmits round the clock with an engaging and enticing spread of programmes on current affairs, health, business and lifestyle as well as news every half hour until midnight.

  • Capital 958


    95.8FM城市频道的前身是"第三广播网"。上个世纪30年代末,新加坡就有中文广播,一路走来经过不少政治,社会局势的改变,中文广播在本地一直扮演举足轻重的角色。